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Clinical Gynecology

Clinical Gynecology

CO₂ laser in gynecology

The CO₂ laser has been used in gynecology for more than 30 years, becoming an indispensable tool for the ablation of multiple lesions in the area of the lower genital tract (external genitalia, vagina, cervix), especially when the aim is minimal and atraumatic tissue removal.

CO2 laser surgery is indicated for the removal of:

  • Single or multiple condylomas;
  • Precancers of the cervix, vagina and vulva;
  • Endometriosis of the lower genital tract;
  • Bartholin cysts and abscesses;
  • Excision of imperforate hymen;
  • Vaginal septum excision;
  • Vaginal polyps;
  • Nabothian cysts.
CO₂ laser in gynecology

Surgical removal (using an electric knife, laser, radiofrequency scalpel, etc.) in the area of the external genital organs of some benign formations (condylomas, fibroids, moles, etc.) is another type of minor gynecological surgery that takes realtively short time and requires minor stay at MC MARKOVS. They are usually removed for aesthetic reasons or because they cause discomfort.


It are performed under local or general short-term venous anesthesia according to the patient's wish. The removed formations from the area of the external genital organs are submitted in the form of properly labeled material for subsequent histological examination by a specialist pathologist.


All minor gynecological operations at MC MARKOVS require careful planning, discussion with the attending obstetrician-gynecologist and are performed only and only after the patient's signed informed consent.


For more information about the necessity and possibility of performing minor gynecological operations at MC MARKOVS, you can contact your doctor or call at the registration desk.