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Clinical Gynecology

Clinical Gynecology

Gynecological ultrasound

The ultrasound examination (echography) is a non-invasive method for visualization of the uterus and ovaries on a screen using ultrasound waves which is widely used in gynecology.


It can be performed transabdominally (through the abdomen) or transvaginally (through the vagina). The transvaginal approach in gynecology has significant advantages due to better resolution and greater proximity to the pelvic organs, .


The ultrasound examination does not require any special preparation by the patient. It can be performed during the prophylactic gynecological examination or for any other reason during the different phases of the menstrual cycle.


It is done during the prophylactic gynecological examination or for any other reason in the different phases of the menstrual cycle.

The main indications for ultrasound examination in Gynecology are:

  • Diagnosis of congenital anomalies of the uterus - septate, arcuate, bicornuate, unicornuate uterus, etc.;
  • Monitoring of the normal menstrual cycle - changes in the uterine mucosa, monitoring for echographic signs of impending and occurred ovulation, etc.;
  • Folliculometry - ultrasound monitoring of the growth and size of growing follicles in the ovary;
  • Diagnosis of benign and malignant diseases of the endometrium - polyps, submucosal myomas, endometrial cancer, etc.;
  • Diagnosis of various pathology of the Fallopian tubes – hydrosalpinges, ectopic pregnancy, etc.;
  • Diagnosis of benign gynecological disease of the uterus and the adnexa - uterine myoma, ovarian cysts, adnexal formations, endometriosis, etc.;
  • Diagnosis of malignant gynecological disease - uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, etc.;
  • Diagnosis of metastatic disease in the pelvis.

MC MARKOVS  has unique for Bulgaria ultrasound equipment with 3D transvaginal ultrasound capabilities, which allows a three-dimensional evaluation of the organs and structures in the woman's pelvis.


The 3D volumes acquired during the examination can be examined and dissected in planes that are inaccessible for examination by conventional 2D ultrasound.


All examinations at MC MARKOVS are performed in a comfortable environment by highly qualified gynecologists.

For more information about the possibility to perform the various types of gynecological ultrasound examination at MC MARKOVS, you can contact your doctor or call at the registration desk.